The NWP Company by the order of The Second National TV Channel Belarus (ONT) has started a work on a new documentary series about the events of The World War One.
This year marks 100 years since beginning of the First World War. This War was long called The Great because in its scope has no equal in history. In WWI conflict has been involved 38 countries (out of 55) with a population of 1.5 billion people. It`s 87% of the world population. WWI has brought a huge loss: more than 10 million dead and 20 million wounded and maimed.
Belarus was a part of the Russian Empire at that time and it was at the center of WWI events. The Western Front Line were laying through the current Miadel, Vileika, Smorgon and other Belarusian areas for a long time at that war. Smorgon`s positions were among the most difficult to defend. That is no wonder why Russian soldiers appeared saying "Those, who did not fight at Smorgon, did not see the war."
From the Baltic to the Black Sea a city of Smorgon became the only city in all battles of WWI that was defending the Russian army so long and hard (810 days!). Almost 900 Russian officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers were honored and became The Steel George Knight Order holders. There fought future writers Michael Zoshchenko and Valentin Kataev, the future Marshal Shaposhnikov, the future Soviet Union Defense Minister Malinovsky.
A poet Alexander Blok had served in Belarus (Pinsk city). A military correspondent Alexei Tolstoy had traveled and wrote through the Belarusian roads. Konstantin Paustovsky fought at Nesvizh. Each from above evaluated events of WW1 in their own way, but one thing they were unanimous in - they loved their country and were ready to give their life for it...
However, it took only a few years after the war, and their deeds were forgotten. As and WW1 itself... Why did it happen? Why for many the participate in that war was an aggravating fact of biography?.. Why for many decades in the USSR could glorify heroes Poltava and Borodino, but not the WWI?
Surprisingly, but still we know almost nothing about many of the events of WWI. It is in that war were first used poison gas. Tanks were used first time out on the battlefield. Submarines became an important weapon. Aircraft in hostilities has been widely used – at first for scouting, then for the bombing at the front, near the rear, and finally to attacks on peaceful towns and villages.
Brutal and bloody The World War One became a "forgotten" war.
Aim of the project - to narrate about the military operations of WWI through the lens of feats of individuals (army commanders, officers and ordinary soldiers - the pilots, gunners, cavalry; as well as civilians - Orthodox priests, peasants, women and even children). In addition, in each series will be referred to a particular invention, which appeared during the war and influenced the course of history.
It is no wonder why is any war casually referred to as "the engine of progress and high technology". It has been recorded more than 200-patented inventions in four years of The World War One. Moreover not only in the field of military technology. For statistics: in 1915 there was the first tank in the world, the world's first bomber, anti-aircraft gun , parachute jacket, aspirin tablets, dugout, sniper rifle, flamethrower, chemical weapons, gas mask, anti-tetanus serum and others. 60 inventions in total, 31 of which were directly related to the modernization of the army.
The first film of the cycle will tell about the birth of military aviation in the early XXth century.